Evidence of 'God Particle' Higgs Boson Discovered by Physicists: Awaits July 4 Announcement
By Grace Oshiro - Crossmap On July 2, 2012
The so-called "God particle," which can explain the underpinnings of the universe, may have been finally discovered after decades of search, according to scientists.
Higgs boson, a subatomic particle which, if it exists, could explain why matter has mass, and is believed to be the building blocks of the universe.
Like Us on Facebook
Researchers at the European Organization for Nuclear Research, or CERN, announced Wednesday that vast amounts of data have been compiled to find the "strongest indication to date" to prove the existence of the "God particle."
It has not been discovered, but its existence is almost certain.
"Physicists have a very high standard for what it takes to be a discovery," said Rob Roser, a physicist at the Fermilab in Chicago.
The discovery of Higgs boson, according to him, could a hair's breadth away.
"You see the footprints and the shadow of the object, but you don't actually see it," he said, comparing this discovery to that of a dinosaur.
The Higgs boson "gets at the center, for some physicists, of why the universe is here in the first place," said Fermilab theorist Joseph Lykken.
Without the particle, "the universe would be a very different place…. no ordinary matter as we know it, no chemistry, no biology, and no people," explained CERN in a background paper.
"This is one of the cornerstones of how we understand the universe," said Roser. "And if it's not there, we have to go back and check our assumptions about how the universe exists."
More evidence of Higgs boson will be needed for scientists to confirm its existence.
"The Higgs particle, if it's real, will show itself in different ways. We need for all of them to be consistent before we can say for sure we've seen it," Roser said.
English physicist Peter Higgs first proposed the particle in the 1960s, envisioning an energy field where particles interact with a key particle, the Higgs boson. Decades have passed as scientists put efforts in crashing subatomic particles into one another in huge underground tracks where magnetic fields steered the particles.
CERN is officially presenting its evidence at a physics conference in Australia on July 4, but plans to accompany the announcement with meetings in Geneva, according to The Associated Press.
More data on the Higgs boson will be publicly unveiled at physics meetings in October and December.
In order to ensure accuracy, each team involves thousands of people working on different experiments independently from one another.